Atmospheric corrosion of metallic materials, with or without corrosion protection, is influenced by many environmental factors, the importance of which might vary with the type of metallic material and with the type of environment. It is therefore not possible to design a laboratory corrosion test in such a way that the full complexity of real in-service conditions are taken into account. Acceleration (forced conditions) as such can also have a negative impact on the correlation to field performance. Nevertheless, tests with humidity cycling and only intermittent exposure to salt solution will generally provide a better correlation to field performance than tests using continuous salt spray.
This International Standard was developed in the automotive context, where the major contributor to corrosion is the use of winter time de-icing road salt in cool/cold temperate areas around the world, here as sodium chloride compounds acting in cyclic humidity conditions. The test procedure is moderately forced by humidity and salt and intended to be applicable for quality assurance of the metals and corrosion protections typically encountered in motor vehicles. The method can have relevance also in other areas of application, provided representing similar climatic conditions with an influence of sodium chloride compounds.
This International Standard specifies the test method, the reagents, and the procedure to be used in an accelerated atmospheric corrosion test constituting a 6 h exposure to a slightly acidified solution of 1 % NaCl twice weekly, followed by a condition of controlled humidity cycling between 95 % RH and 50 % RH at a constant temperature of 35 °C.
This International Standard does not specify the dimensions of the tests specimens, the exposure period to be used for a particular product, or the interpretation of the results. Such details are provided in the appropriate product specifications.
The accelerated laboratory corrosion test applies to
— metals and their alloys,
— metallic coatings (anodic or cathodic),
— chemical conversion coatings, and
— organic coatings on metallic materials.
NOTE 1 If testing low-alloy stainless steels, especially austenitic grades, according to this International Standard, there is a risk of receiving exaggerated pitting, not representative for most service environments.
NOTE 2 This International Standard is not suitable for testing of wax and oil based rust protection agents, due to the constantly elevated temperature condition of the test.
The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
ISO 4628-1, Paints and varnishes — Evaluation of degradation of coatings — Designation of quantity and size of defects, and of intensity of uniform changes in appearance — Part 1: General introduction and designation system
ISO 4628-2, Paints and varnishes — Evaluation of degradation of coatings — Designation of quantity and size of defects, and of intensity of uniform changes in appearance — Part 2: Assessment of degree of blistering
ISO 4628-4, Paints and varnishes — Evaluation of degradation of coatings — Designation of quantity and size of defects, and of intensity of uniform changes in appearance — Part 4: Assessment of degree of cracking
ISO 4628-5, Paints and varnishes — Evaluation of degradation of coatings — Designation of quantity and size of defects, and of intensity of uniform changes in appearance — Part 5: Assessment of degree of flaking
ISO 8407, Corrosion of metals and alloys — Removal of corrosion products from corrosion test specimens
ISO 10289, Methods for corrosion testing of metallic and other inorganic coatings on metallic substrates — Rating of test specimens and manufactured articles subjected to corrosion tests
Q-fog CRH盐雾试验箱用于ISO 16701:2015的测试方法